منتدى يهتم بالطقس والمناخ فى السودان
 
الرئيسيةاليوميةس .و .جبحـثالأعضاءالمجموعاتالتسجيلدخول

شاطر | 
 

 USE OF INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE IN ADAPTATION 1

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
yazan

avatar

عدد المساهمات : 13
تاريخ التسجيل : 02/11/2009
العمر : 32
الموقع : Kenya

مُساهمةموضوع: USE OF INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE IN ADAPTATION 1   الأربعاء نوفمبر 25, 2009 2:04 am

Introduction:
Ensuring sustainable community livelihood systems is not something that external actors including governments, Development institutions or NGOs can adequately do to the poor.
The poor have to understand the value of indigenization of local production systems before they can forge partnerships and help to promote the conditions in which they can use their own skills and talents to liberate themselves out of the yoke of poverty and food insecurity.
Some of the approaches include the preservation of their indigenous methods of agriculture that include food systems with dietary inclusion of wide range of biodiversity as food sources and indigenous technologies for preserving cereal and other protein foods from one harvesting season to the next.
The critical socio-economic development problems of Africa are inextricably linked to people, resources and the environment.
Thus environmental conservation as part of indigenization has ensured human livelihoods for ages even in the absence of modern theories of agriculture.

Indigenous Methods of food production

In the fishing industry for example, most fishers specialized in meteorological knowledge based on the wind patterns to monitor their fishing activities.
Crop farmers combined biological observations, wind patterns and astrological observations to monitor changes in the weather patterns in order to sound the early warning for agricultural ground preparation.
Traditional laws and order supported with rituals facilitate ease of reinforcing conservation measures.
A number of rare plants’ species are used as medicinal plants and are connected with mystical powers.
Preserving them was and is still based on strong mythology of bad things happening to anyone who dared cut them down unceremoniously.
The overall result is preservation of trees that attract rain for enhancing food production and reducing food insecurity.
Local communities had a rich culture that used nature to forecast anticipated changes of weather and climate.
The broad reference included
Meteorological implications like the wind patterns,
Biological indicators like changes in state of flora and behavior of certain species of common fauna and
Astronomical observations of the stars moon and even the sun.
Many Kenyan rural communities have continued to peg their farming activities on traditional rainfall forecasting based on close monitoring changes in nature.
Certain trees shed their leaves when the rains were about and communities that observe them use them for monitoring their agricultural activities.
Stars and their position on the sky are strong indicators of weather and climatic changes and the local communities used them as early warning signs.
Among the Luo community, land preparation was started when female constellation was noticed “Yugni mammon” while
“Yugni machwo” marked the end of long rains and the beginning of a cold impasse that destroyed crops that had not set.
Many crop diseases were associated with Yugni Machwo.
Direction of the sun and its position in the sky indicated specific seasonal changes in livelihood activities and food security.
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
 
USE OF INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE IN ADAPTATION 1
استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة 
صفحة 1 من اصل 1

صلاحيات هذا المنتدى:لاتستطيع الرد على المواضيع في هذا المنتدى
منتدى الطقس والمناخ :: الطقس والمناخ :: تغير المناخ-
انتقل الى: