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 SUDAN: CONFLICT AND CLIMATE CHANGE

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yazan

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عدد المساهمات : 13
تاريخ التسجيل : 02/11/2009
العمر : 32
الموقع : Kenya

مُساهمةموضوع: SUDAN: CONFLICT AND CLIMATE CHANGE   الثلاثاء نوفمبر 17, 2009 2:46 am

A report by DFID Department of International Development UK
19 May 2008
Um Dukhun is a small town in West Darfur directly affected by regional conflict, drought and migration. The wider regional influence of violence extends into both Chad and the Central African Republic.
Um Dukhun’s population has recently increased considerably as hostility, drought and reduced harvest yields have forced vulnerable rural communities to migrate to the town. Life in rural Darfur is tough and uncompromising.
The remote village of Sofelaween is located 30 kilometres north east of Um Dukhun. Its inhabitants are farmers who are dependent upon scarce natural resources to sustain their livelihoods. During a recent Oxfam visit, Sofelaween village elders and community members described their lives, recalling vividly how life has changed over the last half century.
The elders spoke of a time when natural resources (fertile land, wood and water) were shared openly between tribes from nomadic pastoralist groups and settled farming communities (agro-pastoralists). Natural resources were more readily available and traditional practices existed to resolve any disputes over them. Movement and safe passage outside the village were also much easier, which supported the community's livelihoods and subsistence economy.
While the Sofelaween community does not refer directly to "climate change", they recall the distinct periods of drought from which they have struggled to resist and recover. Drought has enforced migration, and the village population has gradually declined in size. Many young adults now choose to leave the village.
Groundwater levels have also declined and elders recognize that weather patterns are now more variable and much less predictable. The community describes its own history with reference to "good" and "bad" rainfall years, which are integrally linked to harvest periods and their own food intake. Crops which they once grew are no longer farmed and they are forced to purchase vegetables from distant markets, when security and safe passage allow.
The widespread conflict in Darfur continues to threaten and marginalize this community and prevents them from effectively managing scarce and vulnerable natural resources. However, it is evident that the violence and hostility have increased the community’s willingness to engage in environmental management practices, in order to safeguard their own future.
The people of Sofelaween recognize that the future is uncertain. This is one facet of the poverty in which they live. Yet they also recognize that their lives are affected by a number of complex issues. These include conflict and hostility, the introduction of inappropriate land management policies, recurring drought, and increased population growth. Combined, these factors have exacerbated the demand for scarce natural resources.
In many respects, climate change and hardship are not new for the people of Sofelaween. The causes of their plight are numerous and complex. However, the community explains unequivocally that peace in Darfur is the first step to addressing these integrally linked issues.
This story was provided by Oxfam.
I will try to look for more case studies in Sudan to address the issues of climate change and conflict over scarce resources.
YAZAN
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SUDAN: CONFLICT AND CLIMATE CHANGE
استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة 
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